As they say, when they want to emphasize the beauty of the skin. Her so-called silky, shiny, soft... However, can boast of such a skin can far not all: to have an influence and ecological situation and the character of the food, and who care about the choice of means. We will tell about what is proper skin care and what properties it has.
All we dream about, to care about the skin was the most effective. And that means that it responds to all of her individual characteristics. Just in cosmetics excels in the four skin types — normal, oily, dry and combined. Determine, what type is your skin, here are their basic characters:
All of these features it is necessary to take into account when selecting the funds for the care of facial skin. After all, if using those creams and lotions that are "not satisfied" with the skin of your type, it is possible to obtain the opposite effect: care not only will not bring the result, but also can worsen the appearance. For example, if the owners of dry skin should use a facial scrub with coarse peeling of particles, then can easily injure it. And the owners of oily skin, using special tools, it is necessary to observe balance, or else you can dry the surface layers of the skin, while the global problem will remain unsolved.
So, the main principle is to proper skin care at home — pick her up in accordance with the type of. If you have the skin of the normal type, then you can compile a program of care for yourself, focusing on the most common recommendation. Owners dry, oily and more combination skin, we recommend to contact the experts — cosmetologists or dermatologists. The only way to pick up the caring funds, which will solve the problems, and not make things worse.
It is fundamentally important!
Everyone knows that you shouldn't be alone to pick up the caring funds, if your skin belongs to normal type. But how can this be explained? It's the cause. Dry skin can be the result of a reduction in the activity of the sebaceous glands, and may be a consequence of the violation of the integrity of the epidermal barrier. So, the owner of the dry skin often solves the problem of hydration at home, resorting to the use of a fat nutritious cream. If dry skin is not associated with the work of the sebaceous glands and the condition of the epidermis, such a choice can aggravate the situation: greasy cream forms on the surface of the skin film, interfering skin respiration, and the normal exchange of substances
In any case — choose the funds own, or to resort to the help of an expert — a program of skin care face will consist of three stages: cleansing, toning and nutrition. However, the list who take care of the instruments and recommended procedures will vary in each individual case.
It may seem like the simplest, however, has its own specifics. In particular, for washing it is necessary to use products that contain antibacterial and anti-inflammatory ingredients. Scrubs not need to be taken more than once a week. Means on the basis of alcohol, which dry the skin, it is better not to choose, and instead of them to use make-up with herbal ingredients: extracts of chamomile, aloe, calendula, tea tree. They balance the texture of the skin, improve its appearance.
Day creams for normal skin should include sunscreen, a filter, in order to avoid overdrying. For moisturizing facial skin at home it is better to use special means, i.e. those that are formed on the surface of the foil. Usually it is not the creams and gels, the composition of which included are proteins, polysaccharides and other substances.
Oily skin requires special care, which causes increased activity of the sebaceous glands and when this is not the Sears of the surface layer of the epidermis. Also you need to realize that oily skin is the lower concentration of linoleic acid. This leads to the fact that the epidermal barrier of the worse protects the skin from various agents of irritation and inflammation. This is the reason why oily skin often suffer from redness.
The basic guidelines for the care of oily facial skin:
For washing is recommended to choose funds with a neutral (7) or acidic pH (4,5–5,2): shift of acidity in the opposite direction increases the risk of multiplication of bacteria. It is better to borrow the so-called soap without soap, then there are not containing lye. Such are the means, which contain lactate ammonium. Lactate of zinc will help to set the scope of sebum, the "dry" skin gently and sparingly. After washing 2-3 times a week, you can clean the skin in addition with the help of scrubs. This will help remove various skin diseases, which can not peel yourself. You can use exfoliating creams or gels with artificial particles in the assembly.
For a fixed skin it is better to use resources that do not contain alcohol. It can be tonics and lotions with plant extracts, in particular — with the content of chamomile, calendula, aloe.
Sometimes the owners of oily skin believe that she doesn't need moisture. It is certainly not so, but moisturizers should not have a hard, dense texture, and impede respiration and the outflow of sebum. Moisturizes the facial skin, it is better to use a cream, gel, serum or lotion. If the skin is prone to inflammation, then the maintenance funds should include anti-inflammatory components, for example, bisabolol. But you should be aware that the gels are not recommended for use in freezing temperatures in the winter are only suitable for night care.
Dry skin can be congenital, genetic, but sometimes occurs throughout life. In particular, the level of production of sebum is linked to hormonal background — approaches to menopausal dryness of the skin increases. It can also be due to improper care, such as frequent peels.
Care for dry skin should be very gentle. During the washing it is not advisable to use cleansers that allow rich foam: it's "wash" lipids from the skin. It is desirable to have a means for washing the contained oils or other fatty ingredients. Isn't it worth it to also wash with warm water: it should be a comfortable temperature.
For the care of dry skin are advised to use the funds, which contain ceramides, cholesterol and free fatty acids. These substances contribute to the normalization of the external skin barrier. If on the skin are great, use the funds, which create a thin film, holds the water. This property have paraffins and glycerin, which can serve as a medium for express-help: in their use of the water balance in the skin is recovering quickly. Of who care masks are suitable those which have a gel or creamy texture. Masks containing clay, which is very popular today, it is necessary to have to face up to the time of drying, because once the skin begins to dry too. Clay masks can be close the top with foil.
Often when the dry skin is observed her seal, hyperkeratosis. In this case, you can, give attention, apply for care emulsions or creams with acids — salicylic, citric, glycolic, malic acids.
In addition, it is recommended to monitor the level of moisturized air (best use of household humidifiers) and for allocations. On the condition of dry skin, has a positive effect consumption of fish, rich in omega-3 fatty acids. Promote the formation of lipids, increases the status of the epidermal barrier.
Features care for combination skin explains the nuances of its construction. Increased activity of the sebaceous glands in the T-zone requires full attention. When cleaning the combination skin recommended to scrub twice a week. This will allow the cleaning of the facial skin quicker and more effective absorption of active ingredients creams. However, if in the T-zone is the inflammation, peeling should not be done.
The second point — this is the phase of the nutrition of the skin: for the different sections should be used a variety of means. For example, in the area of increased activity of the sebaceous glands is necessary to apply the mats and drying creams. And here's the cream with a strong hydrating effect it is recommended to use for areas of the face and forehead.
With age in the body in general, and, respectively, in the layers of the epidermis, in particular, occurs a series of changes: it slows down the metabolism, regeneration of tissues, reduces water content, which leads eventually to a loss of tone. Change in the hormonal balance also affects the skin condition: a little late moisture, the more easily to form small wrinkles. This is the reason why anti-aging skin care should be comprehensive, in the ideal case of anti-age therapy refers to the whole organism. But directly at the face shows:
These activities are aimed at improving tone, replenishing the lack of water, protection from free radicals — molecules that can break down protein and accelerate the aging process of cells. However, the procedure of anti-aging care contains so many nuances, that is a topic for a separate big article.
And of course, you cannot touch on the topic of care for problem facial skin. Because with an irritant, severe acne, increased pigmentation although he would from time to time faces each of us. What to do in this case?
For the solution of problems with the skin must be applied in a comprehensive therapy. In many cases, as we have already mentioned, are assigned to antibiotics, may require antifungal drugs. It is known that many skin problems are associated with pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract.