Skin care: cleansing, whitening, moisturizing, to improve skin condition

As they say, when they want to emphasize the beauty of the skin. Her so-called silky, shiny, soft... However, can boast of such a skin can far not all: to have an influence and ecological situation and the character of the food, and who care about the choice of means. We will tell about what is proper skin care and what properties it has.

skin care face

How to create an individual program for face skin care

All we dream about, to care about the skin was the most effective. And that means that it responds to all of her individual characteristics. Just in cosmetics excels in the four skin types — normal, oily, dry and combined. Determine, what type is your skin, here are their basic characters:

  • Oily skin. The main sign of — the increased separation of sebum and greasy shine. Skin cover looks pretty bad, enlarged pores. Oily skin is prone to the formation of comedones and blackheads. And here is the tiny wrinkles on her appear rather late.
  • Dry skin is the opposite of greasy. Study of sebum is reduced, the skin shimmers and has a matte shade, it can peel. Dry skin more delicate and subtle, but also the wrinkles on her appear faster, sometimes up to 30 years. The pores on the skin of this type almost unnoticeable.
  • Normal skin — the golden mean, which occurs relatively rarely. Study of sebum in the case of normal skin, the slight, the skin can shine, but only on the T-zone, pores are usually small and are distributed only in the central part of the face. Usually the skin of this type is resistant to external and internal factors, its status is "smooth", in the course of the year.
  • Combination skin combines the symptoms of the above three types. In men combination skin can be enlarged pores in the T-zone, increased study of sebum on certain areas of the face, regularly arise from comedones and acne. Typically, combination skin is not prone to cause premature aging.

All of these features it is necessary to take into account when selecting the funds for the care of facial skin. After all, if using those creams and lotions that are "not satisfied" with the skin of your type, it is possible to obtain the opposite effect: care not only will not bring the result, but also can worsen the appearance. For example, if the owners of dry skin should use a facial scrub with coarse peeling of particles, then can easily injure it. And the owners of oily skin, using special tools, it is necessary to observe balance, or else you can dry the surface layers of the skin, while the global problem will remain unsolved.

So, the main principle is to proper skin care at home — pick her up in accordance with the type of. If you have the skin of the normal type, then you can compile a program of care for yourself, focusing on the most common recommendation. Owners dry, oily and more combination skin, we recommend to contact the experts — cosmetologists or dermatologists. The only way to pick up the caring funds, which will solve the problems, and not make things worse.

It is fundamentally important!
Everyone knows that you shouldn't be alone to pick up the caring funds, if your skin belongs to normal type. But how can this be explained? It's the cause. Dry skin can be the result of a reduction in the activity of the sebaceous glands, and may be a consequence of the violation of the integrity of the epidermal barrier. So, the owner of the dry skin often solves the problem of hydration at home, resorting to the use of a fat nutritious cream. If dry skin is not associated with the work of the sebaceous glands and the condition of the epidermis, such a choice can aggravate the situation: greasy cream forms on the surface of the skin film, interfering skin respiration, and the normal exchange of substances

In any case — choose the funds own, or to resort to the help of an expert — a program of skin care face will consist of three stages: cleansing, toning and nutrition. However, the list who take care of the instruments and recommended procedures will vary in each individual case.

Care for normal facial skin

facial skin

It may seem like the simplest, however, has its own specifics. In particular, for washing it is necessary to use products that contain antibacterial and anti-inflammatory ingredients. Scrubs not need to be taken more than once a week. Means on the basis of alcohol, which dry the skin, it is better not to choose, and instead of them to use make-up with herbal ingredients: extracts of chamomile, aloe, calendula, tea tree. They balance the texture of the skin, improve its appearance.

Day creams for normal skin should include sunscreen, a filter, in order to avoid overdrying. For moisturizing facial skin at home it is better to use special means, i.e. those that are formed on the surface of the foil. Usually it is not the creams and gels, the composition of which included are proteins, polysaccharides and other substances.

The rules of care for oily skin

Oily skin requires special care, which causes increased activity of the sebaceous glands and when this is not the Sears of the surface layer of the epidermis. Also you need to realize that oily skin is the lower concentration of linoleic acid. This leads to the fact that the epidermal barrier of the worse protects the skin from various agents of irritation and inflammation. This is the reason why oily skin often suffer from redness.

The basic guidelines for the care of oily facial skin:

  • quality cleansing;
  • bactericidal processing of the skin;
  • reduction in the activity of the sebaceous glands;
  • hydration;
  • the removal of sites with increased density (accumulate sebum and defects).

For washing is recommended to choose funds with a neutral (7) or acidic pH (4,5–5,2): shift of acidity in the opposite direction increases the risk of multiplication of bacteria. It is better to borrow the so-called soap without soap, then there are not containing lye. Such are the means, which contain lactate ammonium. Lactate of zinc will help to set the scope of sebum, the "dry" skin gently and sparingly. After washing 2-3 times a week, you can clean the skin in addition with the help of scrubs. This will help remove various skin diseases, which can not peel yourself. You can use exfoliating creams or gels with artificial particles in the assembly.

For a fixed skin it is better to use resources that do not contain alcohol. It can be tonics and lotions with plant extracts, in particular — with the content of chamomile, calendula, aloe.

Sometimes the owners of oily skin believe that she doesn't need moisture. It is certainly not so, but moisturizers should not have a hard, dense texture, and impede respiration and the outflow of sebum. Moisturizes the facial skin, it is better to use a cream, gel, serum or lotion. If the skin is prone to inflammation, then the maintenance funds should include anti-inflammatory components, for example, bisabolol. But you should be aware that the gels are not recommended for use in freezing temperatures in the winter are only suitable for night care.

Care for dry facial skin

Dry skin can be congenital, genetic, but sometimes occurs throughout life. In particular, the level of production of sebum is linked to hormonal background — approaches to menopausal dryness of the skin increases. It can also be due to improper care, such as frequent peels.

Care for dry skin should be very gentle. During the washing it is not advisable to use cleansers that allow rich foam: it's "wash" lipids from the skin. It is desirable to have a means for washing the contained oils or other fatty ingredients. Isn't it worth it to also wash with warm water: it should be a comfortable temperature.

means for care of the face

For the care of dry skin are advised to use the funds, which contain ceramides, cholesterol and free fatty acids. These substances contribute to the normalization of the external skin barrier. If on the skin are great, use the funds, which create a thin film, holds the water. This property have paraffins and glycerin, which can serve as a medium for express-help: in their use of the water balance in the skin is recovering quickly. Of who care masks are suitable those which have a gel or creamy texture. Masks containing clay, which is very popular today, it is necessary to have to face up to the time of drying, because once the skin begins to dry too. Clay masks can be close the top with foil.

Often when the dry skin is observed her seal, hyperkeratosis. In this case, you can, give attention, apply for care emulsions or creams with acids — salicylic, citric, glycolic, malic acids.

In addition, it is recommended to monitor the level of moisturized air (best use of household humidifiers) and for allocations. On the condition of dry skin, has a positive effect consumption of fish, rich in omega-3 fatty acids. Promote the formation of lipids, increases the status of the epidermal barrier.

Proper care of the facial skin combined type

Features care for combination skin explains the nuances of its construction. Increased activity of the sebaceous glands in the T-zone requires full attention. When cleaning the combination skin recommended to scrub twice a week. This will allow the cleaning of the facial skin quicker and more effective absorption of active ingredients creams. However, if in the T-zone is the inflammation, peeling should not be done.

The second point — this is the phase of the nutrition of the skin: for the different sections should be used a variety of means. For example, in the area of increased activity of the sebaceous glands is necessary to apply the mats and drying creams. And here's the cream with a strong hydrating effect it is recommended to use for areas of the face and forehead.

Anti-aging care

With age in the body in general, and, respectively, in the layers of the epidermis, in particular, occurs a series of changes: it slows down the metabolism, regeneration of tissues, reduces water content, which leads eventually to a loss of tone. Change in the hormonal balance also affects the skin condition: a little late moisture, the more easily to form small wrinkles. This is the reason why anti-aging skin care should be comprehensive, in the ideal case of anti-age therapy refers to the whole organism. But directly at the face shows:

  • biorevitalizatsiya — injection of hyaluronic acid;
  • ozone therapy — the influence of ozone on the skin;
  • photorejuvenation — laser radiation;
  • facial massage;
  • using retinoic acid — a synthetic analogue of vitamin a, is responsible for the cell renewal of the skin.

These activities are aimed at improving tone, replenishing the lack of water, protection from free radicals — molecules that can break down protein and accelerate the aging process of cells. However, the procedure of anti-aging care contains so many nuances, that is a topic for a separate big article.

Care about problem facial skin

And of course, you cannot touch on the topic of care for problem facial skin. Because with an irritant, severe acne, increased pigmentation although he would from time to time faces each of us. What to do in this case?

  • Redness and rosacea (redness of the skin — temporary or permanent — and the availability of the skin dilated blood vessels). In these problems it is necessary to focus on a very soft cleaning, to use funds without the abrasive (hard) particles and alcohol, cosmetics for care can be applied to special tools, for example, cosmetic gloves. Also it is necessary to use protective equipment, avoid aggressive effects on the skin exclude access to the spa, sauna, reception of a hot bath. It is possible to organize courses of phototherapy (treatment with light), mesotherapy (subcutaneous drug administration), when expressed redness apply the medication azelaic acid, metronidazole, do massage with ice.
  • Seborrhea — a violation of the work of the sebaceous glands. It is manifested by increased formation of sebum, peeling skin, thickening of the top layer of the epidermis. For the cleaning of skin with seborrhea, you can use the milk based on vegetable ingredients, alcohol funds use is not recommended (only locally). To improve the condition of the skin it is possible to do carbon or mineral baths.
  • Acne and acne rash. Let's discuss about the possibilities of care in the mild range of the disease (when indicated problems may need a comprehensive treatment, comprising including the use of antibiotics). Special attention in the acne it is necessary to pay cleansing the skin: each procedure should take two to three minutes, while trouble spots, where it is worth paying greater amount of time. For firm skin, you should choose the means which do not contain alcohol, you can take lotions and tonics based on chamomile, sage, funds with a low content of fruit acids. Once a week you can make a scrub and mask based on clay, which will close the pores. Experts recommend once in a couple of weeks to do the mechanical cleaning, including with the use of ultrasound.
  • Hyperpigmentation — a violation of pigmentation of the skin is caused by various causes, including aging. Possible solutions to this problem are several, from the use of whitening remedies to professional procedures, for example, a laser peeling. For whitening the facial skin can make a scrub with phytic, almond acids. Patients with age hyperpigmentation shows the hardware peeling or laser exposure.
beautiful skin

For the solution of problems with the skin must be applied in a comprehensive therapy. In many cases, as we have already mentioned, are assigned to antibiotics, may require antifungal drugs. It is known that many skin problems are associated with pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract